Some players use *statistical techniques* to increase their chances of winning. Those are **les martingales**. That is to say a game technique which aims to increase the chances of winning at games of chance.

It is a question of applying to the probabilities of gains of **mathematical laws** more or less complex. **The chance share is thus reduced**, while respecting the rules of the game. The principle of martingale depends on the type of game that is the target.

Nevertheless, this type of technique does not change the expectation of gain for the user. **On average, a player using a martingale will not win more than a player who does not**. These methods allow you to lose less often, but they increase in return the amount of losses.

There are many, but some are better known than others.

You want to make a living from the game ?!

**Never use these martingales again !**

### The classic martingale

You have to play a "simple chance" at roulette for example. That means you have to play **black or red**, **miss or miss**, **pair ou impair**. The principle is to **double your bet every time you lose on the same event**. And that until we win. So, when the player wins, he will necessarily be reimbursed for what he played, more once its starting bet.

Mathematically, so it seems that the player is sure not to lose. But the major problem is that**you must be able to play indefinitely in the event of repeated losses**. Indeed, if the starting bet is 2 €, it will have to double every time (4€, 8€, 16€, 32€, 64€, etc…) so you have to plan a fairly large amount of money at the start. Moreover, the number " 0 "Is neither red nor black, which reduces the likelihood (who are no longer 50/50).

### The great martingale

It’s the same principle as the classic martingale, except that the player adds a unit in case of loss, in addition to doubling his bet. for example, if the first bet is 2 € and it loses, the second will be 2 x 2€ + 1 = 5€. If the second is also losing, the third bet will be 2 x 5€ + 1 = 11€, And so on.

She is **even more risky than the classic** because it requires a higher need for money in case of losses. The gains are however higher, because of the stake unit to be added to each loss.

### The American martingale ("Rising American")

It is also called "rising American". It is quite complicated.

The player starts by increasing his bets by one unit as long as he wins.

As soon as he loses, he retains the stake he has just lost. He then remits the sum of the last and the first bet.

When he wins, he retains the bet he has just won and removes the first bet from his list. Then he remits the sum of the last and the first bet on his list, ignoring the one he crossed out.

### The Dutch martingale

It is a martingale used in case of losses. Player must retain lost bets, which presents a difficulty compared to more easily usable martingales.

Here is the principle assuming that the player has lost several bets :

- The player bets the lowest bet he has lost + 1 stake unit.
- He then places the second lowest bet, and so on in ascending order. With each victory, the player wins the amount of a previously lost bet, plus 1 stake unit.

The advantage of this martingale is that if the player obtains as many victories as failures, his gain remains positive if the winning strokes occur after the losing strokes.

### The "fly fly"

This is another variation of the classic martingale (or simple martingale) but more complex.

- Player starts over at one unit when he wins.
- He increases his stake by one unit when he loses.
- He doubles his bet from three consecutive losses.

The advantage is that this martingale is safer, but at the same time the gains won are lower.

### The "Alembert pyramid"

The name of this martingale refers to M. Jean le Rond d´Alembert, 18th century mathematician. The principle is based on the fact that it is thought that a loss increases the chance of winning the next time, and vice versa.

- The player increases his stake by one unit after a loss.
- He removes a wagering unit after a win.

It is less dangerous than the simple martingale. Even if the losses are sometimes quite significant, Alembert’s pyramid allows you to chain longer series.

### The inverted "Alembert pyramid"

It is the perfect reverse of the "classic" Alembert pyramid. The idea is to decrease the stakes when you lose and increase them when you win.

### The "words"

It consists of doubling your stake with each win, that is to say to store what we have won.

The advantage of this "rising" is that you risk only one unit of your starting capital each time. The player then plays with the casino money he has won. His earnings are exponential. The sum won may be substantial in the event of several winnings for members.

The downside is that’**a single losing stroke is enough to cancel all previously won wins**.

### La « whittacker »

This martingale is unknown but can be interesting.

The player bets the sum of his two previous bets as long as he loses.

He starts over at a betting unit when he wins.

The whittacker allows a lesser stroke of the chain of bets in case of successive losses. On the other hand, **a winning move can only counter two losing moves.**

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